Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press.
Cyber media has a special character so that it requires guidelines so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfilling its functions, rights, and obligations by Law Number 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council, together with press organizations, cyber media managers, and the public, have compiled the Cyber Media Coverage Guidelines as follows:
a. Cyber media are all forms of media that use the internet and carry out journalistic activities, and fulfill the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards set by the Press Council.
b. User Generated Content is all content created and or published by cyber media users, including articles, pictures, comments, sounds, videos, and various forms of uploads attached to cyber media, such as blogs, forums, and reader comments. or viewers, and other forms.
2. News verification and balance
a. In principle every news must be verified.
b. News that can harm other parties requires verification of the same news to meet the principles of accuracy and balance.
c. The provisions in point (a) above are excluded, provided that:
1) News really contains urgent public interest;
2) The first news source is a clearly identified, credible, and competent source;
3) The subject of the news that must be confirmed is unknown and or cannot be interviewed;
4) The media explains to the reader that the news still requires further verification which is sought as soon as possible. Explanations are included at the end of the same story, in brackets and in italics.
d. After loading the news under point (c), the media is obliged to continue verification efforts, and after verification is obtained, the verification results are included in the update with a link to the news that has not been verified.
3. User Generated Content
a. Cyber media must include terms and conditions regarding User Generated Content that does not conflict with Law no. 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics, which are clearly and clearly placed.
b. Cyber media requires each user to register for membership and perform a log-in process first to be able to publish all forms of User Generated Content. Provisions regarding log-in will be further regulated.
c. In the registration, cyber media requires users to give written consent that the published User Generated Content:
1) Does not contain lies, slander, sadistic and obscene contents;
2) Does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred related to ethnicity, religion, race, and intergroup (SARA), and encourages acts of violence;
3) Does not contain discriminatory content based on differences in gender and language, and does not demean the weak, poor, sick, mentally handicapped, or physically disabled.
d. Cyber media has absolute authority to edit or delete User Generated Content that is contrary to item (c).
e. Cybermedia is required to provide a complaint mechanism for User Generated Content that is deemed to have violated the provisions in point (c). The mechanism should be provided in a place that is easily accessible to users.
f. Cybermedia is obliged to edit, delete, and take corrective actions for any User Generated Content that is reported and violates the provisions of point (c), proportionally as soon as possible no later than 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.
g. Cyber media that have complied with the provisions in points (a), (b), (c), and (f) are not responsible for problems caused by loading content that violates the provisions in points (c).
h. Cybermedia is responsible for User Generated Content that is reported if it does not take corrective action after the time limit as stated in point (f).
4. Error, Correction, and Right of Reply
a. Errors, corrections, and right of reply refer to the Press Law, Journalistic Code of Ethics, and Guidelines for Right of Reply set by the Press Council.
b. Errors, corrections, and or the right to reply must be linked to the news that is rectified, corrected, or given the right to reply.
c. In every report on errata, correction, and right of reply, it is obligatory to state the time of loading of the errata, correction, and/or right of reply.